Old religious pendant crosses
Pendants through the ages
The pendants in the Stone Age were made of shells, bones, feathers, and stones. Ages later the Egyptian Pharaohs wore pendants in the shape of the gods, like Horus (eye or falcon), Atom (snake) or the sacred scarab. In Egypt, these kind of pendants were the symbol of power and to show the people that the Pharoah was the god on earth, sent by the god in heaven.
Also, the kings/emperors of Greece and Rome used the pendant for those reasons. In the Middle Ages, the meaning and the look of the pendant changed a bit. In those days the most important jewelry was religion based. The pendants were holders of relics, adorned with precious stones. And the common shape was a cross. The pendants and their necklaces were a statement of someone’s wealth and status.